Working Group

'Socio-economics of Forest Use in the Tropics and Subtropics'

Pictures from Thung Yai

Dr. Reiner Buergin

Thung Yai

Study

Maps

Literature

 

 

Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary and World Heritage Site

Mountains of Thung Yai and Vajiralongkorn (Khao Laem) Reservoir

Wildlife Sanctuary Thung Yai Naresuan

World Heritage Site Thung Yai RFD Headquarters

UNESCO Nomination of World Heritage Site

Grassland thung yai

Grassland thung yai

Cycads are common in thung yai

Savanna thung yai

Savanna thung yai

Gallery forest near Salawa

Gallery forest near Sanepong

Creeper

Wetland

Evergreen forest near thung yai

Evergreen forest near Tilaipa

Bamboo forest

 

 

Karen communities in Thung Yai

Telakho Karen at pia aethala aethae

Karen child at pia aethala aethae

Sanepong

Sanepong

Sanepong

Sanepong

Sanepong

Gosadeng

Gosadeng

Salawa

Salawa

Near Laiwo

Tilaipa

Phu Jue

Washuku

Washuku

Laikontae

Sacred grove in Laikontae

Gaenoae

Gaenoae

Gomongta

Old abandoned settlement site near thung yai

 

 

Karen land use in Thung Yai

Wet rice and swidden fields at Sanepong

Swidden field near Laiwo

Crop diversity on swidden field

Crop diversity on swidden field

Wild pigs frequently feed on swidden fields

Harvested swidden field

Swidden fallow

Swidden fallow

Slashed fallow area for swidden field

Burning of swidden field

Wet rice fields in Chakae

Wet rice fields and gardens at Gosadeng

Harvest of rice at Sanepong

Harvest of rice at Sanepong

Winnowing of rice in Chakae

Pounding machine in Sanepong

Drying of Chillies in Salawa

Cultivation of tobacco at Sanepong

Drying of tobacco in Gosadeng

Transportation of seedlings for agricultural project

 

 

Ceremonies for the rice goddess: Phii bue yo and pao bue

Threshing ceremony pao bue after the rice harvest at Gosadeng

Ceremony phii bue yo for the rice goddess in Gosadeng

Shrine for the rice goddess phii bue

Offering from a boungku Karen priest at phii bue yo

Wrist tying ceremony kai tschung during phii bue yo

Sacral rice barn for seed rice bue shi ba and phii bue

Ritual filling of sacral rice barn

Ritual protection of rice barn

 

 

Celebration in honour of the aethae: Ma bou pia aethala aethae

The sand pagoda ba klong is built for ma bou pia aethala aethae

Introduction of the adolescents at ma bou pia aethala aethae

Offering ma tschae songtri for the earth goddess

Offerings for the earth goddess songtri are part of many Karen rituals

Prayer and offering at the sand pagoda ba klong

Celebration for the aethea at ma bou pia aethala aethae

Shrine of the aethae, revered as sacred hermits by the Karen in Thung Yai

Ceremony for the keeper of the forest rukkhajue at ma bou pia aethala aethae

 

 

Buddhism in Thung Yai

Karen Buddhist Wat are found in most villages in Thung Yai, here in Gosadeng

Most of the young Karen spend some time in one of the Karen Buddhist Wat

Karen Songkran bou thong krong in Sanepong

After washing the monks are led into the Wat without touching the ground

The Buddhism Karen practice in Thung Yai is based on Mon Buddhism

The end of Buddhist lent ook phansa is celebrated with offerings

In Gosadeng at ook phansa fruit and other things are offered on a bamboo raft

The shrine for phu pha du the village tutelary spirit is often built close to the Buddhist Wat

 

 

Problems in and around Thung Yai

Mining at Phu Jue in the northwest of the Sanctuary

The roads through Thung Yai are important for the mining operations

Repairing the roads after the rainy season is challenging

The difficult terrain in Thung Yai is attractive for adventure seeking city dweller

Automobile Clubs frequently arrange motor rallies in Thung Yai

At the fringes of the sanctuary deforestation for cash cropping is increasing

Deforestation for cash cropping is often used to establish land claims by wealthy town residents

Logging of old-growth forests in adjoining Burma is often organized by Thai companies

Teak furniture from Burma transported to Thailand via the Three Pagodas Pass

Karen refugees from Burma in Thung Yai persecuted by the Burmese Military

Refugees are not tolerated in the sanctuary and at times have even been sent back into the war zones

 

 

Indigenous ecological knowledge

Mapping project of Karen land use areas together with Wildlife Fund Thailand

Seminary and excursions with Nepalese foresters together with RECOFTC

Representatives of the Culture and Education Committee of the Karen in Thung Yai

Survey and dissemination of traditional ecological knowledge in Sanepong

Survey and dissemination of traditional ecological knowledge in Sanepong

Survey and dissemination of traditional ecological knowledge in Sanepong

Survey and dissemination of traditional ecological knowledge in thung yai

Survey and dissemination of traditional ecological knowledge in thung yai

Survey and dissemination of traditional ecological knowledge at sae sa wo

Survey and dissemination of traditional ecological knowledge near Tilaipa

 

 

People in Thung Yai